Explained: Built-In Inflation

Inflation Explained by a Calgary Mortgage Broker

Built-in inflation, also known as wage-price inflation, is an integral economic concept that plays a pivotal role in shaping Canada’s economic landscape. By diving into the mechanics of built-in inflation, Canadians can equip themselves with the knowledge to navigate financial uncertainties and make well-informed decisions.

Defining Built-In Inflation

Built-in inflation occurs when workers demand higher wages and, if they receive those higher wages, businesses then raise their prices to cover the higher wage costs. This cycle can result in a feedback loop as the process repeats itself. Understanding this type of inflation is crucial for both consumers and investors across Canada.

Causes and Cycle of Built-In Inflation

The primary driver behind built-in inflation is the wage-price feedback loop. Workers and labor unions demand higher wages, and when granted, businesses, facing increased production costs, adjust their prices upwards to maintain profit margins. This, in turn, fuels a cyclical pattern of rising wages leading to higher prices.

Impact on the Canadian Economy

Built-in inflation can have several far-reaching implications on the Canadian economy. It can erode the purchasing power of consumers, affecting their ability to spend and save. Additionally, it may influence the monetary policies implemented by the Bank of Canada to ensure economic stability and controlled inflation within the target range.

Managing Built-In Inflation

Addressing built-in inflation requires a multifaceted approach. Governments, along with central banks, employ various strategies, such as controlling wage and price increases and implementing monetary policies, to curb inflationary pressures. Exploring resources from Statistics Canada can offer insights into the latest trends and data related to inflation in the country.


Built-in inflation is a nuanced economic phenomenon with significant repercussions for the Canadian financial landscape. For Canadians looking to delve deeper into economic policies and financial planning, resources from the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada can provide valuable information and guidance.

By understanding built-in inflation and staying informed about the measures taken to address it, Canadians can better position themselves to make astute financial decisions and secure their economic future.

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Josh Tagg has been the owner of Mortgages For Less since 2006. During that time Josh has developed a reputation for being an industry leader and advocate for client education.